Ficus is a genus of the family Moraceae. The genus contains about 800 species; from vineyards and bushes to trees. Most Fucus species are native to the tropics, but some also grow wild in subtropical and temperate regions.
One of the most well-known species of ficus is Ficus carica, a plant known as the common ficus. This ficus produces a fruit called fig, which is a prized fruit in many parts of the world. Therefore, Ficus carica is grown commercially and figs are harvested and exported. Many other ficus species also produce edible fruit, but they are less popular and are rarely grown commercially. You can also buy ficus benjamina ‘Wintergreen’, weeping fig tree online.
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The fruit of the fig tree grows from specially adapted flowers. Figs are referred to as supplementary fruit; Sykonen. The fruit is round and has a small hole at one end. This opening is known as the ostiole. Inside the fruit you will find a cavity surrounded by small edible seeds. The color of the seeds is red.
Ficus plants come in two genders: female plants and hermaphrodite plants. They rely on wasps to pollinate them, and tiny osteons are holes specially designed for wasps to crawl on. Hermaphrodite plants are sometimes referred to as honeysuckle because they are less palatable and "only goats will eat them". In this honeysuckle, pollinating wasps grow, sheltered from the fruits.
Another popular ficus species is the sacred fig Ficus religiosa. The holy fig is found in many parts of the world and is therefore known by many names. In Sinhala-speaking areas, the tree is called Bo. Common names used in other areas are Pipal, Peepul and Ashwattha. Ficus religiosa is native to areas from India to southwest China and from Indochina to Vietnam. The holy fig grew very large; up to 30 meters. The trunk can reach a diameter of 3 meters. It is a semi-evergreen or deciduous species in the dry season.